Methods of Pulse Width Modulation in Cascaded High Voltage Frequency Converters

EasyChair Preprint no. 8884

6 pagesDate: September 27, 2022

Abstract

Purpose. The aim of this work is to compare the effectiveness of various methods for correcting cell failures in cascade high voltage frequency converters. These methods provide the smallest voltage drop on the motor, the least loads and oscillation of electromagnetic torque in an accident modes, and evaluate the effectiveness of pulse width modulation (PWM) methods with the injection of third harmonic and space-vector PWM in normal and emergency modes. Methodology. We use mathematical and geometrical interpretation of all analysed methods – Sinusoidal PWM (SPWM), Balanced sinusoidal PWM (BSPWM), Balanced PWM with injected 3rd harmonic (THPWM) and Balanced Space Vector PWM (SVPWM). Results. The method of balancing the phase-to-phase voltages by to such a shift of the zero point and rotation of the phase vectors, in which the amplitude of the phase-to-phase voltage decreases to the minimum possible value. Injection of the 3rd harmonic allows you to further increase the utilisation factor, but the violation of the symmetry of the phase voltages leads to the need to reduce the voltage amplitude to exclude saturation of the power supplies. A distinctive feature of the method of balanced Space Vector PWM is that the amplitude of the 1st harmonic is always greater than the radius of the circle by 15.6%. Comparison of methods of SVPWM, THPWM with sinusoidal PWM shows that SVPWM is the best method. It provides the best performance in all considered emergency modes of 3…6 cascade converters. The Table of indicators for all methods are presented in the article. The use of a balanced SVPWM in combination with field oriented control makes it possible to obtain an electric drive in which, in the event of an accident, there are practically no shock mechanical and electromagnetic processes. After damage of cells the currents, electromagnetic torque and motor speed change along the required trajectory.

Keyphrases: 3rd Harmonic injection PWM, Balanced Space Vector PWM, Cascaded High Voltage Frequency Converter