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Efficient and Verified Continuous Double Auctions

EasyChair Preprint no. 10337

12 pagesDate: June 5, 2023


Continuous double auctions are commonly used to match orders at currency, stock, and commodities exchanges. A verified implementation of continuous double auctions is a useful tool for market regulators as they give rise to automated checkers that are guaranteed to detect errors in the trade logs of an existing exchange if they contain trades that violate the matching rules. We provide an efficient and formally verified implementation of continuous double auctions that takes O(n log n) time to match n orders. This improves an earlier O(n^2) verified implementation. We also prove a matching Ω(n log n) lower bound on the running time for continuous double auctions. Our new implementation takes only a couple of minutes to run on ten million randomly generated orders as opposed to a few days taken by the earlier implementation. Our new implementation gives rise to an efficient automatic checker.

We use the Coq proof assistant for verifying our implementation and extracting a verified OCaml program. While using Coq's standard library implementation of red-black trees to obtain our improvement, we observed that its specification has serious gaps, which we fill in this work; this might be of independent interest.

Keyphrases: Continuous Double Auctions, financial markets, formal specification and verification, red-black trees

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Mohit Garg and Suneel Sarswat},
  title = {Efficient and Verified Continuous Double Auctions},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 10337},

  year = {EasyChair, 2023}}
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